Features care for the animals and plants
In the V – VII grades of agricultural work in the educational-experimental plot carried out with the aim of educating the students ‘ love of nature and agriculture, a positive attitude to work. Students gain knowledge and skills on cultivation of major field, vegetable, fruit, ornamental plants, master the technique of field experience, conducting surveillance, caring for Pets (small farm animals: rabbits, nutrias, poultry).
In the V class in the fall students harvest crops grown on plots of primary school (class IV), conduct fall tillage. In the spring grown fruit, vegetables. Throughout the year caring for Pets in the Zoological Department of the site (for example, at school calicotome).
In class VI students grow cabbage, root, fruit, vegetables seedlings and nonseedlings way and potatoes, and is also doing work on animal husbandry under the programme.
In the seventh grade, growing field and fruit crops, and is also doing work on animal husbandry (keeping, feeding small farm animals). Mainly, the care of plants and animals is carried out schmalseiten useful, productive work in the summer (e/W) and labor practices.
In accordance with the program of labor training teacher gives pupils of V – VII grades the system of knowledge on the basics of crop, soil as medium of plant life, soil fertility and ways of its increase, proper tillage, crop rotation, application of organic and mineral fertilizers, biological features of vital functions of plants (nutrition, respiration, growth, development, propagation of plants), the human impact on the habitat of plants (plant care), the technique of field experience. In addition, students acquire knowledge on the basics of animal husbandry: the livestock industry, especially farm animals, their productivity, scientific basis for the detention, care, feeding, watering of animals, breed, some questions of sanitation and of “zoohygiene”.
The system this knowledge allows students to perform practical work, contributing to the formation of obserwowac and special skills (agronomic and zootechnical): properly handle simple instruments of labour in compliance with the requirements of work safety and personal hygiene; independently carry out practical work; to plan work, to exercise self-control, to do an experiment with plants and animals, process the results of experience; to conduct economic calculation (normalized sowing, application of optimum fertilizer norms, accounting of yield from plots and recalculate it on. ha); to prepare the ground for sowing (to dig up, razravnjat, to make fertilizer); to carry out sowing and planting, to organize and conduct the care of crops and plantings (weeding, hoeing, thinning, fertilizing, ridging, inter-row treatments, watering, processing pristvolnyh circles, cleaning trunks, combating diseases and pests means); managing the growth and development of plants (pinched, swordplay, remove side shoots, pruning); to keep a diary of the practical work; to care for small farm animals, keep animals clean, feed the animals according to their age and biological needs.