The biggest crocodiles in the world
Where is home to the largest crocodiles in the world? As these terrible reptiles are good swimmers in the open sea and love to travel, they can be found on the coasts of South-East Asia, Sri Lanka, Eastern India, Australia, Central regions of Vietnam and Japan.
The world’s largest crocodile — estuarine ( Crocodylus porosus) . It is also called lumpy, porous or sea, because of external circumstances — on the face has two ridges or it is covered by hillocks. The length of males from 6 to 7 meters. The maximum length of the estuarine crocodile was recorded over 100 years ago in India. Killed the crocodile reached 9.9 meters! The weight of adults from 400 to 1000 kg. The habitat is South — East Asia, the Philippines, Solomon Islands.
Estuarine crocodiles feed on fish, molluscs, crustaceans, but large specimens are not so harmless and attacking buffalos, wild pigs, antelopes, monkeys. Often lie in wait for the victim at the waterhole, the jaws grip the face and knocked down by a blow of the tail. Jaws are compressed with such force that can crush the skull of a large Buffalo. The victim dragged into the water where she could no longer actively resist. Very often attack people.
The female estuarine crocodileleather up to 90 eggs. She builds a nest from leaves and dirt. Rotting foliage creates humid, warm environment, the temperature of the nest reaches 32 degrees. Temperature determines the sex of future offspring. If the temperature to 31.6 degrees, then males are born if the above – females. This kind of crocodile has a big commercial value, so it is mercilessly exterminated.
Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) is the second largest estuarine crocodiles. They inhabit the shores of lakes, rivers, freshwater swamps in Africa South of the Sahara. Adult males reach 5m in length, weighing up to 500 kg, dimensions females 30% less.
Puberty crocodiles reach to 10 years. In the mating season the males slam the muzzle on the water, snorting, roaring, trying to attract the attention of females. The lifespan of the Nile crocodile is 45 years old. And although the main food of the crocodile — fish and small vertebrates, he can hunt any large animal, and dangerous for humans. In Uganda caught a crocodile, which for 20 years kept in awe the locals and claimed 83 human lives.
The largest crocodile is considered and redtail crocodile (Crocodylus intermedius) living on the territory of South America. Its length can reach 6 m. Feeds mainly on fish. There were cases of attacks on humans. In the hot season, when the water level drops in the ponds, crocodiles dig a hole on the banks of the rivers. Today, this very rare species can be found in the lakes and rivers of Colombia and Venezuela. The population of heavily destroyed by man, in nature, there are about 1,500 individuals.
Among the largest reptiles are also ostrorog American crocodile ( Crocodylus acutus ) , a length of 5-6 meters. Habitat — South America. Feeds on fish, small mammals may attack livestock. Attacks on humans rarely, only if it is a threat to crocodile or offspring. Adults are well adapted to salt water and swim far out to sea.
Another representative of the largest crocodiles in the world with a length of 4-5 meters — marsh crocodile (Crocodylus palustris, Indian) — the habitat of the Indian subcontinent. Settles in small pools of standing water, often in swamps, rivers and lakes. It sure feels animal on land and can move considerable distances. It feeds mainly on fish and reptiles, can prey on large ungulates on the waterfront. Attacks on humans are very rare. Marsh crocodile himself can become the prey of the tiger, estuarine crocodile