The history of pet food
The first specialized dry pet food was manufactured in the 1860s, an American electrician, James Spratton. He invented the “dog biscuit”, which included wheat, vegetables and beef blood.
1930-s. The idea of producing forage from grasses is widely accepted and replicated by many companies (Nabisco, Quaker Oats, Gaines Food). Manufacturers rely on the convenience of dry food. At this stage, the composition has a high content of cereal ingredients that provide a long shelf life, and higher levels of carbohydrates, which is the power source. The global economic crisis has led to the development of the market of cheap feed, for the production of which used the byproducts. In the market dry feeds from meat meal company Gaines Food.
1960. Dry animal feed made from meat industry wastes and grains that are unfit for usage and human consumption. Feed are low cost, making manufacturers claim that feeding dogs and cats can be economical. The first debates about the benefits of dry food – they do not cause harm to the health of animals.
1970s. the Producers of packaged feeds must insist on two benefits of their products – ease of use and usefulness. Faster and easier asiatische food in a bowl than to cook food for the animal; it is considered that a diet consisting of dry food, does not require any additives, and the food is “off the table” is not suitable for feeding cats and dogs.
During the same period, there are specialized dietary food, which is designed for animals with different diseases or functional disorders of the body. But for the most part, except for special packaging, they are no different from ordinary feed.
In veterinary clinics begin to give advice on feeding of Pets and recommend for animals different diets that are presented as complete meals. The majority of veterinarians do not possess a sufficiently high level of knowledge in the field of animal nutrition.
1980s Appear feed grade “SUPER-PREMIUM”. They are advertised as better and more nutritious, with an exclusive formula, designed for various age groups of animals. However, in the production of the vast majority of food still used the old standards, which means high content of cereals and carbohydrates and a low content of meat and protein.
1990. Widely distributed the idea of healthy eating: carefully monitors own menu buyers have become more selective about what they feed to Pets. This leads to the so-called “holistic” feed, in which you add specific ingredients, such as brown rice. Such a structure appeals to the beliefs of the buyers about healthy eating, but does not meet the needs of the animals, which by their nature are carnivores (predators), we have to eat meat. Based feeds continue to constitute the grains and carbohydrates.
2000. Most dry food is still made from highly processed ingredients, and the level of concentration in these grains and carbohydrates exceeds 50% of the total nutrient ratio. However appears more and more supporters of the theory of “power from nature” – according to it, the diet of cats and dogs must meet the biological needs of animals. The owners are beginning to think about what their Pets preferred food, rich in proteins, that is close in composition to the food we eat predators in their natural habitat.